Leman, J. ed. (1998, 2nd ed. 2000). The Dynamics of Emerging Ethnicites. Immigrant and indigenous ethnogenesis in confrontation. Frankfurt a. Main: Peter Lang, 179 p. 

Abstract: Ethnicity is the subject of this collection of studies. The first question is whether or not, in an era criss-crossed with processes of transnational migrations, increasingly common migration-linked ethnicities differ essentially from traditional indigenous ones. Secondly, at a time when secularisation is a key feature of the globalisation and upscaling that have become paradigms for efficiënt future management, to what extent are countermovements generally sparked off, sustained and advanced by religious (and to a lesser extent linguistic) emblems and structures. These questions are dealt with by means of a series of field studies among mediterranean immigrants, Chinese and Christian Turkish refugees. The findings are compared with indigenous ethogenesis in Transsylvania and in Spain, focussing on past Christian-muslim relations and confrontations in these areas. 

Articles on ethnicity

Leman, J. (2009). ‘In-Between Spaces: Christian and Muslim Minorities in Transition in Europe and the Middle East’, in Timmerman, Christiane, Leman, Johan, Roos, Hannelore and Segaert, Barbara, Gods, Humans and Religions. Peter Lang.

This publication comprises the contributions of scholars and researchers who participated in a conference on the topic of the influence of globalization in the Middle East as well as in Europe, giving way to a shift in the position of minorities in their relationship to the majority. culture, in which religion is played out as a key element."

Leman, J. (1999).  ‘School as a structuring force in interethnic hybridism’, International journal of educational research (Pergamon Press),  vol:31 issue:4 pages:341-353

Bafekr, S. and J. Leman (1999). ‘Highly-qualified Iranian immigrants in Germany: the role of ethnicity and culture’, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, vol. 25, nr. 1, 95-112. (IF most recent : 1.03).

Abstract: In parallel with their fellow countrymen and women in the USA and France, Iranians resident in Germany, and in particular the group of intellectuals whom we are discussing here, have founded various cultural associations. They meet each other regularly at scientific-cultural events. The following description is the result of participation at these meetings and of numerous discussions and interviews held with the individuals involved between 1994 and the end of 1997. It has emerged that a matrix of culturally determined awareness, emotions and patterns of interrelations is at work. An ‘Iranianness’ that is conveyed in literature, music and art appears to correspond with what the individuals concerned perceive as being part of the essence of their being. They have not found what is so essential to them – a new homeland, and they know that they will not find it. The findings support the need to further the ethnicity debate. Culture-based communal sensitivity with ethnic connotations does indeed exist.

Chapters in Books

Leman, J. (2014). ‘Culture et ethnicité,’ in Bernd, Z., Dei Cas – Giraldi, N. (eds.). Glossaire des mobilités culturelles. Brussels : Peter Lang, pp. 93-108.

A reflection on ethnicity, "culture difference"and the process of differenciation (cf. Derrida) and variability.